The Ligurian bee line originates from northern Italy near the Ligurian Alps. Cities in this area include Bologna, Genova, Milano and Torino. This rare line is no longer present in most of the world. Its pure form is found in only one location, Kangaroo Island of South Australia, where it has been and preserved since 1884. Mr. Justice Boucaut shipped the first hive of bees to Kangaroo Island on his yacht, consigned by A.E. Bonney, on Easter Sunday, 13 April 1884. The Ligurian Bee Act of 1885, passed laws to make the entire island a Ligurian bee sanctuary. The Apiaries Act of 1931 allowed for the inspection and confiscation of any potentially infected hive, vessel or apparatus heading to the island.
The Ligurian bees are known for their docility. It was the reason that they were chosen for introduction onto Kangaroo Island.
Propolis from Ligurian bee hives has shown to be high in Resveratrol. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring stilbene that is an effective antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and has been used in the treatment of tumors. Their propolis is suggested for those researching propolis and those using it in herbal medications.
More info: The Effect of Resveratrol on a Cell Model of Human Aging, Global effects of resveratrol on gene expression and senescence, and Resveratrol in prevention and treatment of common clinical conditions of aging.
Here's the related youtube video:
You may have already read that the Ligurian bee was a major factor in the Buckfast creation, and distant grand parent to today's Buckfast. Please refer to Brother Adam's second journey. Brother Adam made his first trip to the Ligurian Alps in October of 1950. It is a suggestable addition to any Buckfast mating yard to maintain genetic diversity and original genetic design.
It is my hope to offer these as soon as APHIS allows honey bees into the US from Australia again.